This blog has, on several occasions, noted the outstanding work that PRS Legislative Research is conducting on India’s representative institutions. I was thrilled to find a new document prepared by them on the pendency of cases in Indian courts. The analysis reveals, inter alia, that assuming there are no fresh cases and no increase in judge strength, it would take 9 months for the Supreme Court to clear all pending cases; and that India’s current judge-to-population ratio stands at approx. 12.5 judges per million, compared to 104 for the US. Hopefully such studies will expedite the process of judicial reform.
I would also like to point to a simple analysis which I did that shows a strong correlation between low institution rates of civil litigation and high levels of case backlog. There is also a remarkable variation in the institution rates of civil litigation across the different states of the Indian Union – with the southern states and the eastern belt states representing the high and low extreemes. I wonder if this should be a cause for concern for the legal fraternity.
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