The decision is a curious combination of judicial activism and self restraint. Prof Upendra Baxi in a recent editorial notes what the decision failed to do, namely recognize the right to adoption as an integral part of the right to life in Article 21. Prof Baxi castigates this incongruous judicial self restraint and failiure to meet obligations under the UN Convention on the Rights of a Child by asking “How long will Indian Muslim children have to wait till they can rightfully be adopted by other pious Muslims”?. However, as he himself notes, the court while rejecting calls for an UCC also doesn’t heed the arguments made by the All India Muslim Personal Law Board. Baxi argues for a more determined robust engagement with “social action litigation” rather than the more cautious managerialist approach it seems to be adopting.