The presiding Judge, Justice R.M.Lodha, expressed his view that any challenge to Constitutional provisions would involve a substantial question of law. Justice A.K.Patnaik added that the Court has to form an opinion on whether substantial question has arisen in a given case. Justice Lodha was of the view that two or three Judges cannot decide the validity of Constitutional amendments, and that there cannot be a more substantial question than the interpretation of a Constitutional provision.
The arguing senior counsel, T.R.Andhyarujina, who was defending Article 21A guaranteeing the Right to Education, submitted that all Constitutional questions do not involve substantial questions. However, he added that the question of basic structure would involve a substantial question.
The discussion on what appears as an interesting question, however, was brief, as the Court moved on to the other aspects of the case before it.